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@Read Pdf å Die philosophische Hintertreppe ¼ Vierunddrei ig gro e Philosophen in Alltag und Denken Wie f nde sich ohne Studium, ohne wissenschaftlich geschultes Denken und Lesen der Zugang zu Aristoteles, Descartes, Kant oder Hegel und deren weltbewegenden Erkenntnissen Wie wollte man seinem noch minderj hrigen Sohn die vertrackten Seinsreflexionen eines Heidegger, seinem kaufm nnischen Freund Russells Zweifel an den Pr missen oder einem Ingenieur der Industrie Wittgensteins Tractatus und die Vierunddrei ig gro e Philosophen in Alltag und DenkenErgebnisse der Philosophischen Untersuchungen etwa plausibel machen, und zwar so, da ein zu eigenen Fragen und Reflexionen bef higendes Verst ndnis vermittelt wird Wilhelm Weischedel hat die Masse gelehrter, aber schwer verst ndlicher Literatur beiseite geschoben und in vierunddrei ig Aufs tzen die Quintessenz des Denkens und Lebenswerkes ebenso vieler Philosophen in unkonventioneller Weise so dargestellt, da die jeweilige Kernproblematik und Kernantwort leicht verst ndlich ist, ohne da gef hrliche Verk rzungen zu verschmerzen w renDie philosophische Hintertreppe wird zur sozialen Einrichtung, sie f hrt ber nur geringe Umwege der anekdotischen Einf hrung in das Zentrum des jeweiligen Denkens, ohne beim Leser auch nur die geringste Vorkenntnis vorauszusetzen Der Stoff von zweieinhalbtausend Jahren Philosophiegeschichte von Thaies, dem philosophierenden Handelsmann aus Milet, bis hin zu Ludwig Wittgenstein, dem modernen K nder des Untergangs der Philosophie, wird hier ohne wissenschaftliche Arroganz und lehrmeisterhafte Attit de erz hlt, mit allen Mitteln dieser Kunst Rheinischer Merkur dtv This book is one of the best I have Ever read I found it very funny sometimes, maybe due to translation nevertheless I have learnt great portion of things from it. I have a whole lot of original works by great philosophers sitting on my hard drive the books, not the philosophers But I m kind of anxious to dive into them just like that and I figured I need some introductory text first something to give me a handle I could cling to or even provide a lifebuoy in case I threaten to sink Of course I know some of the big names and the titles of their respective works and I heard sentences like I think therefore I am , God is dead , or Whereof one canno I have a whole lot of original works by great philosophers sitting on my hard drive the books, not the philosophers But I m kind of anxious to dive into them just like that and I figured I need some introductory text first something to give me a handle I could cling to or even provide a lifebuoy in case I threaten to sink Of course I know some of the big names and the titles of their respective works and I heard sentences like I think therefore I am , God is dead , or Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent But, being honest, I really know next to nothing about philosophy and it s imperative to me to correct this deplorable fact Conveniently a member of my family, one of my cousins to be precise, has actually studied philosophy and when I asked her about a book she would recommend she came up with the Philosophical Backstairs almost immediately.It took a while to read the 300 pages But that is not because the text is particularly complicated On the contrary I think the text can be understood by everyone I would even go so far as to say that there is hardly any easier text which satisfies the requirements of a serious introduction to philosophy As for me, the book has fully met my expectations, if not exceeded.After a brief introduction 34 great philosophers are presented in 32 chapters The entire history of philosophy over a period of 2,500 years is covered from 600 BC until the mid 1960s when the book was first published The selection of the philosophers see below is of course subjective, but I think the most important representatives are there.The chapters are quite short, only about 10 15 pages each, so it s obvious that individual topics cannot be fully addressed Each chapter is divided into two parts, wherein the first part the live of the philosopher is described partly anecdotal and second part explains their respective philosophical ideas Many quotations from biographers, friends, and foes in the first part, and of the philosophers themselves in the second part provide variety These quotes are also that give the book its wit The actual text is rather unexcited, but by no means dry and there are no intellectual flights of fancy One gets the impression the author is anxious for laypersons to comprehend the text Due to the compactness of the book, the reader also gains a fascinating glimpse of the historical development of ideas and trends in philosophy.There are a few things, however, that I missed 1 There are no footnotes You almost never know from whom or from what source a particular quote is This is very unfortunate 2 Although the works of the philosophers are mentioned in the text, there is no final bibliography at the end 3 I would have liked to see the birth and deathdates of the philosophers in the title of the chapter Sometimes a few centuries are skipped and it took some time for me to notice.Despite these shortcomings, I can recommend the book unreservedly for philosophical beginners like me It was just the right reading and I ll use the backstairs now as a springboard into the great Shark basin of philosophy.PS Here s the list of the philosophers in the order of appearance in the book incl the missing data Thales c.624 c.546 BC Parmenides late 6th or early 5th century BC and Heraclitus c.535 c.475 BC Socrates 470 469 399 BC Plato 428 427 or 424 423 348 347 BC Aristotle 384 322 BC Epicurus 341 270 BC and Zeno of Citium c.334 c.262 BC Plotinus c.204 5 270 Augustine of Hippo 354 430 Anselm of Canterbury c.1033 1109 Thomas Aquinas 1225 1274 Meister Eckhart c.1260 c.1328 Nicholas of Cusa 1401 1464 Ren Descartes 1596 1650 Blaise Pascal 1623 1662 Baruch Spinoza 1632 1677 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz 1646 1716 Voltaire 1694 1778 Jean Jacques Rousseau 1712 1778 David Hume 1711 1776 Immanuel Kant 1724 1804 Johann Gottlieb Fichte 1762 1814 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling 1775 1854 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 1770 1831 Arthur Schopenhauer 1788 1860 S ren Kierkegaard 1813 1855 Ludwig Feuerbach 1804 1872 Karl Marx 1818 1883 Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 1900 Karl Jaspers 1883 1969 Martin Heidegger 1889 1976 Bertrand Russell 1872 1970 Ludwig Wittgenstein 1889 1951 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Things I ve learned from this book One Philosophers are self contradictory perhaps because the world is unphilosophical There is a silent conflict between the field of immanence and traditional philosophy Two Perhaps philosophy is not the answer with a capital A Sometimes our hearts are burning and philosophy remains ice cold in a condescending way Philosophy is escapist and thinks that salvation is irrelevant Three The way the author conceives the narrative of philosophy is original Things I ve learned from this book One Philosophers are self contradictory perhaps because the world is unphilosophical There is a silent conflict between the field of immanence and traditional philosophy Two Perhaps philosophy is not the answer with a capital A Sometimes our hearts are burning and philosophy remains ice cold in a condescending way Philosophy is escapist and thinks that salvation is irrelevant Three The way the author conceives the narrative of philosophy is original You catch a glimpse of the historical magic of philosophy It s not a book for the academic philosopher, it s a book for a philosophy student with fresh eyes, who overpowers seriousness and gravity gute einf hrung in die diversen philosophischen geb ude, wobei der weg durch die k che bei all den k stlichen miniaturen direkt ins herz der philosophen f hrt, dabei auch die zeit beschreibt in der sie lebten und immer auch vergn gen bereitet kann mir keinen besseren einstieg denken und oft wird es wenn einem das haus des philosophen gef llt nicht bei der hintertreppe bleiben aber daf r sind dann ja gen gend andere b cher da ein echter l ckenf ller