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READ PDF á Richard III Õ This edition of Richard III features seven scenes, opening with the Duke of Gloucester s villainous Winter of our discontent speech and followed by his audacious wooing of Lady Anne Queen Margaret s chilling curses, Richard s string of murders, and the haunting chants of his victims ghosts are stage drama at its best The climax is a gripping battle in which the Earl of Richmond slays Richard and becomes King of England There is also an essay by editor Nick Newlin on how to produce a Shakespeare play with novice actors, and notes about the original production of this abridgement at the Folger Shakespeare Library s annual Student Shakespeare FestivalThe edition includes a preface by Nick Newlin, containing helpful advice on presenting Shakespeare in a high school setting with novice actors, as well as an appendix with play specific suggestions and recommendations for further resources Now is the winter of our discontentMade glorious summer by this sun of York And all the clouds that lour d upon our houseIn the deep bosom of the ocean buried A powerful study of evil Richard, though, is made to becomplex than the medieval personification of Vice,human and thus,terrible No beast so fierce but knows some touch of pity But I know none, and therefore am no beast Now is the winter of our discontentMade glorious summer by this sun of York And all the clouds that lour d upon our houseIn the deep bosom of the ocean buried A powerful study of evil Richard, though, is made to becomplex than the medieval personification of Vice,human and thus,terrible No beast so fierce but knows some touch of pity But I know none, and therefore am no beast Richard III, abridged RICHARD Mwahahaha Mwahahahahaha Mwahaha CLARENCE Hey brother So, I guess I m being sent to the Tower of London Sucks, right RICHARD Don t worry, Clarence, you ll be fine I ll try and get you out, and certainly won t hire assassins to kill you or anything CLARENCE Awesome You re the best RICHARD Mwahahaha ANNE You killed my husband and my son in the last play, you asshole I HATE YOU SO MUCH RICHARD I only killed your husband because you re so fucking hot A Richard III, abridged RICHARD Mwahahaha Mwahahahahaha Mwahaha CLARENCE Hey brother So, I guess I m being sent to the Tower of London Sucks, right RICHARD Don t worry, Clarence, you ll be fine I ll try and get you out, and certainly won t hire assassins to kill you or anything CLARENCE Awesome You re the best RICHARD Mwahahaha ANNE You killed my husband and my son in the last play, you asshole I HATE YOU SO MUCH RICHARD I only killed your husband because you re so fucking hot ANNE OMG TAKE ME RIGHT NOW RICHARD Mwahahahaha MARGARET YOU RE ALL GONNA DIE BECAUSE OF RICHARD I CURSE ALL YOU FUCKERS EVERYONE ignores Margaret EDWARD V The king is dead Good thing he made you Lord Protector, Richard, so now you can make sure no one steals my throne.RICHARD Yeahso you know what the best hotel in town is The tower of London I got you and your brother a suite EDWARD V Awesome Let s go RICHARD Mwahahahahahaha Hey everybody, those kids are bastards I should be king instead EVERYONE WOOOO WE LOVE RICHARD HASTINGS Okay, I was fine with all the usurping and mudering up until now butseriously dude, I gotta ask WHY ARE YOU SO EVIL RICHARD I m a hunchback Discussion closed Oh, and you re under arrest Say hi to my dead nephews for me.BUCKINGHAM Wait, what Dude, you have officially overdone it I m out RICHARD Memo to self get Buckingham killed Mwahaha ELIZABETH Okay Richard, you ve now killed my two sons, my brothers, and I m not completely sure you didn t kill my husband too What else could you possibly do to me RICHARD Well, your daughter s kinda hot And fortunately, my wife just came down with a deadly illness the symptoms include head neck separation, very gross and I ve got to start making some legitimate heirs, if ya know what I mean ELIZABETH Fuck you The Earl of Richmond is gonna kill you so hard RICHARD Oh shit, that s right, we re being invaded Guess I d better head over to Bosworth field, then.AUDIENCE Oh thank god, it s nearly over For those of you keeping score at home, Richard s current body count is ELEVEN FUCKING PEOPLE GHOSTS OF LITERALLY EVERYONE IN THE PLAY BOOGEDY BOOGEDY BOOGEDY You re so gonna die tomorrow, Richard, because we re on the Earl of Richmond s side In fact, we ve already started calling him Henry VII DESPAIR AND DIE, MOTHERFUCKER RICHARD Mwahaha AUDIENCE SERIOUSLY CAN HE PLEASE GET KILLED ALREADY SO I CAN GO TO THE BATHROOM RICHARD All right men, first let me say thanks for sticking with me, despite the fact that all my close friends seem to mysteriously die whenever they disagree with me Secondly Yorkists, ready your breakfasts and eat hearty FOR TONIGHT, WE DINE IN HELL MWAHAHAHAHAHA aaaack That hurt AND WHERE THE FUCK DID MY HORSE GO HENRY VII I KEEL YOU RICHARD Oh, fuck dies AUDIENCE Thank god sprints for the bathrooms THE END I remembered this play as being nothingthan a superb melodrama organized around a charismatic, one dimensional villain, but I now realize it iscomplex than that Richard s deformity is not merely a physical sign of spiritual evil, but also a metaphor for the twisted era of internecine and intra generational violence of which he himself is the inevitable conclusion Richard claims that his disability disqualifies him for a peaceful age s love making, but his effective wooing of Lady A I remembered this play as being nothingthan a superb melodrama organized around a charismatic, one dimensional villain, but I now realize it iscomplex than that Richard s deformity is not merely a physical sign of spiritual evil, but also a metaphor for the twisted era of internecine and intra generational violence of which he himself is the inevitable conclusion Richard claims that his disability disqualifies him for a peaceful age s love making, but his effective wooing of Lady Anne literally over her husband s dead body belies this claim No, Richard, who from infancy has known nothing but civil war and betrayal, can only be effective when he is either murdering his Plantagenet relatives or plotting to do so Thus, when he finally becomes king, he can neither enjoy the honor nor rise to the challenge, and therefore is soon plagued with nightmares and consigned to destruction Richard fancies himself as the medieval Vice, commenting sardonically to the audience on the action he has devised, heedless of the fact that he is also part of a universal moral design Richard, who embodies in concentrated form the worst deeds of his time, must be purged so that a new age can be established.It is here that the women of the play become important, transforming it into Senecan if not Sophoclean tragedy In periodic choruses, the queens Margaret, Elizabeth and Anne plus the Duchess of York mourn their children and others who have been snatched from them by civil war, and call down vengeance on Richard and other murderers The interesting thing about this chorus, however, is that it is not composed of unified expressions of grief and vengeance, for the woman continually curse and blame each other, each proclaiming her own sorrow as somehow superior to that of the others Ironically, the age s long history of crimes against mothers deprives even maternal grief of its unity I believe this is Shakespeare s first self conscious attempt to create tragedy in the classical sense out of popular drama The conception of the women s chorus both a traditional tragic chorus and at the same time somethingpersonal,ironic is particularly impressive in this regard Unfortunately, however, Shakespeare overreached himself In execution, the chorus of queens is often whiny and wearying, and slows down the action without illuminating it Nevertheless, it is a great step toward the tragic resonances of the major plays A hero, in his own mind or a historical villain King Richard the Third , grew up in the turbulent years of the War of the Roses, 1455 1485, the English crown fought between the House of York, symbolized by the White Rose, and the House of Lancaster, the Red Rose, Sovereigns on the throne, vanish rapidly, ironically, two branches of the same Plantagenet family Richard s brother Edward IV, at 6 foot four inches, the tallest British monarch in history, is dying, over indulgences, so much food and A hero, in his own mind or a historical villain King Richard the Third , grew up in the turbulent years of the War of the Roses, 1455 1485, the English crown fought between the House of York, symbolized by the White Rose, and the House of Lancaster, the Red Rose, Sovereigns on the throne, vanish rapidly, ironically, two branches of the same Plantagenet family Richard s brother Edward IV, at 6 foot four inches, the tallest British monarch in history, is dying, over indulgences, so much food and drink, the warrior king has become very fat, I mean obese His two sons, Edward and Richard, are too young to rule, with the demise of their father, Uncle Richard, the Duke of Gloucester, places the young , trusting princes, his nephews, in the legendary Tower of London, part castle and the other a prison, Queen Elizabeth, the mother, Edward the fourth s wife, flees to a sanctuary with her two remaining daughters They the little princes, disappear without a trace from sight, a mystery that has never been solved Wild rumors spread that they were executed, by the rather ambitious man Through less than ethical maneuvering, treacherous, some say with the help of the greedy Duke of Buckingham , takes the throne, many rivals fall, Buckingham too, including even disloyal brother Clarence, the last one, he has, and the blood spills freely, but a new king is crowned, Richard 111, long live the king Queen Anne dies, the new monarch s wife, he then wants to marry young Elizabeth, his brother Edward IV s, daughter Uneasy lies the man on the throne, a new threat emerges from exile in France, the Earl of Richmond s navy, lands in England, his marching army sets off to challenge Richard, the Battle of Bosworth Field , will decide who becomes master of the unstable nation But the eyes of the dead, will no longer see the beautiful blue skies above, the green grass under their feet, the sweet smelling roses, both white and red, growing on the land, the soothing sounds of water, as it goes over rocks, in a small brook, the singing of the happy birds, to each other, on a tree, the gentle winds touching the gentlemen s faces, the magic of the rainbow colors, after a refreshing rain, the warm Sun, drying the pastures The caressing and kisses , of loved ones, the untroubled, shouting children, playing outside riding a horse over a hill , looking at the gorgeous sunset, as it dips below the horizon, pets who are always glad to see you, without any reservations, the taste of newly baked bread, the wonder of the moon shining down, on them, as they walk under the rays, trying to guess, what it really is, the steep, powerful sea waves rushing the shore, bringing unknown objects and quickly going back no the winners or losers, that can not rise again, will miss all these things as their lives ebb slowly, into nothingness