[[ E-pub ]] ⇲ The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History ☋ PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB free

Argues that human rights and humanitarianism have very different histories, and arose in very different contexts, and neither of them when or where or how people generally think they did His contention is that there was no such thing as the human rights movement as we think of it today until the 1970s he doesn t buy the human rights have existed forever thing, nor that it was created after WWII in response to the Holocaust since there was very little consciousness of it at that time before Argues that human rights and humanitarianism have very different histories, and arose in very different contexts, and neither of them when or where or how people generally think they did His contention is that there was no such thing as the human rights movement as we think of it today until the 1970s he doesn t buy the human rights have existed forever thing, nor that it was created after WWII in response to the Holocaust since there was very little consciousness of it at that time before that any notion of rights was very much tied up in notions of citizenship and the rights of man, which in his view is a totally different movement Especially given it s limits There is no natural or inevitable progression from lists of rights to a commitment to stopping worldwide injustices Humanitarianism as a movement was born completely bound up with imperialism, and did not necessarily denote any ideas about equality between people.He believes that human rights is the last utopia standing hence the title , which stepped in when all the other collective visions failed by the late 1960s Human rights was the second best version, a non ideological, morally pure alternative that could go beyond the discredited communal vision to making a real difference.I don t know that I entirely agree with his ideas about the disconnect between the rights of man and human rights, but I think it s a provocative argument and I think that if we re just talking about how the industry functionally works and goes about solving problems, then what he s saying makes sense But as to the groundwork that allowed for human rights appearance I m not sure Still thinking about it [[ E-pub ]] ⇟ The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History ↵ Revisiting the episodes in a dramatic tour of humanity s moral history when the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was framed, this title shows that it was in the decade afterthat human rights began to make sense to broad communities of people as the proper cause of justice I did want to like this book it is about the history of the development of human rights specifically the Universal Declaration of Human Rights made by the United Nations in 1948.The author outlines how Human Rights went into hibernation immediately after its Declaration Instead, what took precedence was self determination in the form of the removal of colonial imperialistic ties In some ways nationalism self determination was linked to human rights as in the right of nationality It I did want to like this book it is about the history of the development of human rights specifically the Universal Declaration of Human Rights made by the United Nations in 1948.The author outlines how Human Rights went into hibernation immediately after its Declaration Instead, what took precedence was self determination in the form of the removal of colonial imperialistic ties In some ways nationalism self determination was linked to human rights as in the right of nationality It was only with the growing disenchantment with the Cold War and the end of the romance with communism in the 1970s that there was a growing realization that nationalistic self determination of the new nation states did not mean the practice of human rights As the title of the book suggests the utopia of communism capitalism gave way to that of very basic human rights.We are given an overview of how Amnesty International grew and how Jimmy Carter pushed human rights onto the world stage Regardless of the problems of the U.S being an advocate of human rights President Carter must be given credit for putting this moralistic platform onto the top of his agenda Ronald Reagan was farhypocritical of human rights The author also tells us that Western European countries have increasingly espoused human rights over the years and made it a part of the European Community.This book is written from a very lofty altitude with a lot of name dropping of international philosopher lawyer types and has very little concrete examples of what human rights have accomplished or attempted to over the years He does not even bring up one Article or passages of the Declaration and discuss its implications and what they mean for developing countries Dissidents in the Soviet Union are brought up and to a lesser extent Latin America hardly anything on Africa, China, and the Middle East The rights and the emancipation of women are not discussed at all think of women in Afghanistan, Pakistan The book hardly discusses anything after 1980 even though it was published in 2010 I found this most perplexing and a letdown The writing style ranges from the opaque professorial to being very repetitive we are told over and over again that self determination and sovereignty do not imply human rights If this book were longer it would have been prohibitive This is a fascinating monograph In it, the author argues that human rights did not exist until the 1970s Surely there was the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789 and discourse about rights natural rights during the Enlightenment, but the natural was later dropped , but, in Moyn s conception, these are not Human Rights Instead, human rights did not emerge until the 1970s, and it emerged as a result of lost promises from socialism, social democracy, liberalism, anticolonial na This is a fascinating monograph In it, the author argues that human rights did not exist until the 1970s Surely there was the Declaration of the Rights of Man in 1789 and discourse about rights natural rights during the Enlightenment, but the natural was later dropped , but, in Moyn s conception, these are not Human Rights Instead, human rights did not emerge until the 1970s, and it emerged as a result of lost promises from socialism, social democracy, liberalism, anticolonial nationalism, and so on To Moyn, the distinction that separates calls for rights or humanitarianism and human rights is that protection of human rights is a program that requires a people to transcend the state for support Historically, rights have been protected by states the Bill of Rights in the US constitution is one example of this , whereas human rights are to be safeguarded by the international community Moyn is well aware that there was a declaration of Human Rights by the UN in 1948 in response to the Holocaust, but Moyn argues that this fell on deaf ears Moyn also discusses the relationship between human rights and national liberation take Ho Chi Minh s invocation of the American Declaration of Independence, for example , but he finds that these are not human rights because decolonization was not about individuals but about national communities.Now, I must say that I don t entirely agree with the author s argument For example, appeals were made to the Great Powers on behalf of Ottoman subjects in the nineteenth century see Against Massacre Humanitarian Interventions in the Ottoman Empire, 1815 1914 The Emergence of a European Concept and International Practice Because the British and French intervened, transcending the power of the Ottoman state, should Britain and France be considered states that safeguarded human rights Frankly, I m not sure In any case, there s a lot of good material here and it s worth mulling it over While the book does suffer from a lack of concrete examples of how human rights have been seen as different from civil or civic rights, Moyn makes a very interesting argument that human rights as a major cause arose only in the 1970s, that it arose as an anti politics as faith in other great causes utopias failed Moyn argues that human rights arose as faith in Marxist socialism and decolonisation ebbed, that human rights became a cause that, by championing the integrity of the in While the book does suffer from a lack of concrete examples of how human rights have been seen as different from civil or civic rights, Moyn makes a very interesting argument that human rights as a major cause arose only in the 1970s, that it arose as an anti politics as faith in other great causes utopias failed Moyn argues that human rights arose as faith in Marxist socialism and decolonisation ebbed, that human rights became a cause that, by championing the integrity of the individual, avoid the traps of political power He does explore the paradox of rights claims, that the right of the individual to protection against abuse by the state conflicted with the right to self determination as established after 1945 the idea that establishing states and governments was seen as a precondition to human rights, and yet served to allow governments to set up exactly the apparatuses that would suppress individual rights in the name of the ntion or its ideology All in all, a thoughtful look at the way the events of the 1970s served to allow claims to individual rights over and against the state to emerge as a social cause Come for the highly compelling thesis, maybe don t stay for the often tedious detail that seems irrelevant to its defense Fantastic scholarly look at human rights as a global concept Historicizes the concept in an interesting way, and this idea needs to be historicized, not taken for granted as a universal timeless thing, as it is generally. The book details the origins of human rights While many might think that the Age of Enlightenment, the American Revolution, or even post World World II were the impetus for the founding of what we today refer to as human rights, Moyn disagrees He cites the civil rights movement of the 50s and 60s as the precursor to modern day human rights Moyn says that previous movements focused on property rights, the sovereignty of nation states, and or simply a philosophy, as with the Greeks Moyn argu The book details the origins of human rights While many might think that the Age of Enlightenment, the American Revolution, or even post World World II were the impetus for the founding of what we today refer to as human rights, Moyn disagrees He cites the civil rights movement of the 50s and 60s as the precursor to modern day human rights Moyn says that previous movements focused on property rights, the sovereignty of nation states, and or simply a philosophy, as with the Greeks Moyn argues that the concept of human rights in a recent phenomenon I didn t see the evidence to back Moyn s argument and it seemed as if he categorized rights movements to fit his own purposes I think he forgets that speaking the language of International Law and the belief of individual rights are two different things A history of human rights ideally should be rooted in organising not just in law The real world experience shows that even today, if local groups do not speak the legal individual rights, their demands constitute a belief in human rights core ideas the quest for human dignity So in that day the sub altern matters and anti colonialism IS a human rights movement cont I think he forgets that speaking the language of International Law and the belief of individual rights are two different things A history of human rights ideally should be rooted in organising not just in law The real world experience shows that even today, if local groups do not speak the legal individual rights, their demands constitute a belief in human rights core ideas the quest for human dignity So in that day the sub altern matters and anti colonialism IS a human rights movement contrary to the claims of the provocatively titled Chapter 3 Typically academic, lawyer esque I had to read this book in my History of Human Rights class and everyone in the class could not get through this book Moyn makes some interesting points but his grammar, use of language, and style of writing overshadows any arguments he makes He uses overly complex sentences that distract from what he is saying I could not understand what he was trying to say because I was too distracted by how badly the book was written.